Vaping is the new kid on the block. Vaping provides a controlled release of your preferred vapour flavour without the smell and smoke of traditional cigarettes. Used as a cleaner alternative to smoking or as cigarette replacement for those looking to give up the habit, it’s seen as fun and healthier by comparison.

Here’s a look at how vaping works and the scientific explanation, starting with a look at traditional smoking and tobacco.

Traditional Smoking

Traditional smoking requires the burning of tobacco to produce smoke inhaled into the lungs. The smoke from tobacco contains many harmful chemicals, including arsenic and benzene.

Smoking helps people feel calmer and relaxed by reducing levels of stress and anxiety. Exactly why this occurs is unknown, with a large part coming from the ritual of smoking itself. In fact, the smoking effect is a paradox, because it is officially a stimulant. However, smoking usually results in a calming effect on the user.

The smoking ingredient we hear the most about, nicotine, typically clears the body in a few hours (the liver breaks most of it down) leaving no longer lasting effects. It is not the culprit associated with the negative health effects of smoking. The other particulates in cigarette smoke have a longer-lasting and much more severe impact. The tar in smoke stays as a residue in the lungs and builds up over time, causing coughing and longer-term health problems, with cancer inextricably linked to these harmful toxins.

Vaping Process

Vaping is an alternative way to smoking whereby you can enjoy the rituals of smoking safely without tobacco and all its adverse effects. There is no flame or ignition like a regular cigarette requires and none of the harmful chemicals.

Specifically, vaping avoids the tar and toxic chemical mixtures found in cigarette smoke that contribute to the severe health problems found in traditional smokers. In fact, vaping is used by many people who want to kick the cigarette habit entirely. Vaping provides a mechanism to do so through either the complete elimination of nicotine or it’s gradual reduction over time.

Vaping units or vape mods come in various sizes and designs, and can look like cigarettes or be in a completely different form — see vape tanks and RDAs as examples. Regardless, the scientific principle is the same, heat provided by a battery atomises a liquid into a vapour, and it is inhaled.

There is no ash, no smoke (although there is vapour) and none of the smell that comes with standard cigarette smoking. As a result, many researchers have conducted studies that conclude vaping is a much healthier option.


Scientific Process Explained

The vape process works by using battery power to heat liquid injected into a chamber until it vaporises. This turns the liquid into a vapour or a mist that the user inhales through a small mouthpiece.

Various mechanisms allow this to happen. Some units have a switch that turns on the vapour, while others produce the vapour automatically when you inhale.

The original electronic device patented by Hon Lik used ultra sound technology. However, ultrasound created vape droplets that were much larger than burning tobacco creates. This provided a different feel and texture than cigarettes. Hence, ultra sounds did not really recreate the cigarette smoking experience very well.

Today’s versions almost exclusively use battery power to vaporise the liquid. The batteries produce low levels of heat to accomplish this task making the process efficient and clean for the user. The droplet size and hence the smoke produced mimics exactly the type of smoke produced by cigarettes, but with none of the harmful chemicals or odours. The droplets dissipate quickly, leaving no residue or any smell.

Liquid Cartridges

The liquid comes in a replaceable cartridge that fits into the mod and is available in many different flavours, from mint to caramel. It can also be nicotine-free, if preferred, or have reduced amounts of nicotine to allow a slow weaning off the chemical.

Vaping eLiquids or “vape juice” is vegetable-based with most having the same sort of chemical composition as FDA-approved food additives.

Psychologically, vaping reproduces the effect of holding and using a cigarette. The user holds the unit in their hands, like a real cigarette and raises it to their mouth in the same way.

Some mods have an LED at the end that lights up when the user inhales. This is meant to mimic the burning of a real cigarette artificially, further enhancing the experience by making it like smoking and psychologically giving a vaper who may have smoked cigarettes in the past the same sort of experience.

The ritual associated with smoking, that so many users enjoy remains mostly intact, providing close to the same psychologically comforting benefits of cigarettes.

Vape Cloud Chemistry

The vapour the unit produces is usually a vegetable based glycerine or propylene glycol — an FDA-approved chemical for use in food. It is used in thousands of food products in different forms. It does not have the same composition as cigarette smoke and produces no odor. In e-cigarettes, it looks like smoke but is, in fact, a thin liquid or mist. It is colourless and creamy in texture, contributing to the “smoothness” of the vape cloud, and has no underlying taste. The taste to the vapor comes from the flavours he or she chooses.

Its chemical formula is C3H8O2, and it has the E-number E1520. It also breaks down in the body within 48 hours and is not considered bio-accumulative. In other words, there is no residue left inside your system that can build up over time and potentially threaten your health.

Practical Considerations

Vape unit batteries usually are lithium and rechargeable, the e-liquid cartridges replaceable lasting on average the same amounts of time that a pack of 20 traditional cigarettes would. Depending on the options chosen, the cost is like smoking, although it is usually cheaper.


The science of vaping is simple. Due to the process and substances used to create the vaping experience, vaping is considered by many experts a healthier alternative to smoking.






Today I am delighted to share my blogger interview with Sam from Every blogger has a different journey and I hope you enjoy reading about Sam’s as much as I did.

Blogger Interview

Why did you start to blog?

I used to love reading blogs, but when my daughter was approaching leaving primary school I decided to start my own blog, even if it was just for me to read back on.

How did you feel when you started blogging?

I felt a little lost, as our lives were changing and my daughter would not need me as much and I felt I needed to do something for me.

How do you feel about blogging today?

It has become part of my life. My blog is all me and it is something I can have full control over. I can share my tears and laughter. It can be very therapeutic. It can also go the other way and become manic and very stressful. But I just take a deep breath tell myself I am in charge and go at my pace.

What is your proudest achievement related to blogging?

When someone comments or messages me privately about a certain topic I have
written about. Usually chronic illness which is great to be able to spread the word about. Last week I got a nomination for someone’s blog of the week who is a new follower. Tt is the little things that I find the biggest achievements.

What is the most exciting event you have attended as a blogger?

I rarely go to blogger events, but I went to the Chocolate Show recently which was amazing

Do you monetize your blog and, if so, how?

I do by hosting sponsored posts and also the occasional advert

What do you find most challenging about blogging?

For me it is the constant social media and keeping a presence out there. There is a lot of work that goes into blogging that a lot of people do not understand.

What surprised you most about blogging?

The blogging community as right from day 1 of blogging I have been amazed at how supportive it is. Everyone will offer advice or even pass on opportunities to others.

How do you balance blogging and family life?

My life has changed a lot since I started blogging, due to my daughter’s illness. I find that I can work my blog life around my family life. I can be here for her and can just drop everything if needed, as it really is not a 9-5 job.

What would lead to you giving up blogging?

I really can not see why I would want to give up blogging.

What is your top tip for a new or inexperienced blogger?

Join a great bloggers’ group. You can ask any question and get honest replies. No question is too stupid to ask and we all started somewhere.

Is there anything else you would like to share?

For anyone who has thought about starting a blog, I would say go for it, Honestly is the best thing I have ever done and have made so many friends along the way.

Huge thanks to Sam for sharing her story and if you would like to take part in my blogger interview series, please do get in touch.

My Fashion choices over the years vary a lot. I was blessed with a mum who was brilliant at putting clothes and textures together. She had real style as my husband commented when he first met her. She could rock sparkles and I always loved her in a smart blazer and country-style skirt.

I don’t think I have a natural flair for fashion or perhaps it just got lost somewhere along the way. I have a milestone birthday next year and think I might take that as an incentive to experiment with clothing once again. As with many areas of my life, it has been far too long!

My late brother always told me that I would channel the Bay City Rollers with lots of tartan as a young girl. I think all of us who grew up in the Eighties were influenced by people like Adam Ant and the New Romantics. Musicians certainly still influence fashion choices as I guess singers are always icons of a certain era.

When I was a young teen, my Mum despaired as she wanted me to rock any sort of style and I was just happy with jeans and a jumper. I remember investing in a short white cheese-cloth dress for the Leaver’s Do at school. It’s a shame we don’t keep the outfits from milestone occasions.

When I attended university, there were lots of dos where you had to dress up and fortunately as my brother worked at Monsoon, I always had good stuff including lovely party dresses and a couple of amazing ball gowns. As yes, dear reader, I did live a little once upon a time! My favourite outfit was my crimson ra-ra suit matched with a black lace body from Marks and Spencer. I always felt amazing in that which was great as I have always lacked confidence so it became a bit of a go to outfit. I wore black a lot then although a good male friend said he much preferred me more floral things especially a Laura Ashley dress.

When working outside the home, I loved a long wrap around skirt and smart tops and preferably with a jacket. I love jackets – they just add a certain something much like scarves do.

I have had fun with accessories particularly statement necklaces and wide chunky belts.

So what happened? Well, I don’t suppose I am in alone in that I put on weight and felt pretty exhausted through many of the earlier years of parenting. Combine that with trying to make ends meet and depression and you swiftly see me making friends with dark leggings and baggy T-shirts. Yes, they are practical but I do think we lose something when we take on that particular uniform.

So 2018 is going to be the year I get back into enjoying clothes as an expression of self and not just as a way to keep warm and decent. I might even share some of my valiant attempts online.

What fashion choices or mistakes have your made over the years?

The Pramshed

The dangers of social smoking may well be on your mind as we are in Christmas party season. I am a non-smoker and my husband smokes heavily. We have struggled to navigate that difference over the years with me hating the health and financial implications of smoking. Even though my husband is not a social smoker, he will have a cigar or two at Christmas. Why do we act so differently during the festive season I wonder?

Most people will be heading out on the town as the Christmas period approaches, whether it is for a work’s party or to enjoy a much-needed catch up with friends or family. However, how many of you will be considering having a cigarette once you’re out socialising — even if you don’t smoke regularly? I know a couple of people who only smoke at parties. I have never understood this. Similarly my own parents smoked for decades and managed to give up. Imagine my surprise a few years later when I found out they still smoked when on holidays overseas.

Nicotinell — providers of expert advice on how to stop drinking and smoking — explains why you should steer away from social smoking this festive period and beyond…

Are you a low-level or occasional smoker?

Let’s see if you are indeed classed as a low-level or occasional smoker. There are three main groups to be aware of:

1. The binge smoker — this is someone who will smoke a lot but only at certain times of the week, such as throughout the weekend.

2. The low-level smoker — this is someone who will either smoke a small number of cigarettes on a daily basis, or choose to only smoke occasionally.

3. The social smoker — this is someone who will likely smoke only when in social settings, such as at a pub or when hanging out with friends.

What are the risks of smoking socially?

The main point to make to low-level or occasional smokers is that there is no safe level of smoking and that the health dangers are apparent whether someone has one cigarette occasionally, or once an hour on average.

This statement has been underlined by online resource iCanQuit, which has been developed by the Cancer Institute NSW, when looking into the health effects of irregular smoking.

According to the organisation, people who smoke between one and four cigarettes on a daily basis will almost triple their risk of dying from either heart disease or lung cancer. Both light and intermittent smokers were also found to be at nearly the same risk of suffering from cardiovascular disease as those who smoked every day.

A nationally representative study which was published in the American Journal of Health Promotion and involved over 39,000 people has also suggested links between social smokers and health risks.

The research found that over ten per cent of the group surveyed classed themselves as social smokers and another 17 per cent said they were current smokers. Regardless of the type of smoker though, around 75 per cent of the current and social smokers were found to have had high blood pressure and an estimated 54 per cent had high cholesterol. This is after the research team had adjusted for differences in factors which included demographics and obesity.

Kate Gawlik, the assistant professor of clinical nursing at The Ohio State University and the study’s lead author, stressed that “doctors and nurses need to educate patients that social smoking is still a major health risk and is not a long-term healthy choice”. She also advised: “Not smoking at all is the best way to go. Even smoking in a social situation is detrimental to your cardiovascular health.”

Splitting the effects into genders, iCanQuit has also reported that males who were occasional smokers were 60 per cent more likely to die earlier than non-smoking males. Meanwhile. Females who were low-level smokers were found to typically lose between four and six years of their lives than non-smoking females.

iCanQuit therefore was keen to point out: “Even if you smoke occasionally or just on weekends, you are still a smoker – and the health dangers of low level smoking are serious and significant.”

I think we know this stuff. My parents’ generation did not know the dangers of smoking and it was glamorised in the media. That is not the case today so look after your health and your pocket and quit smoking in the New Year.


What is the joy of blogging that makes people stick with it? Are there any troublesome challenges along the way? Where can blogging lead? Today as part of my series of interviews with bloggers, Kerry shares her experiences as a blogger over at

Joy Of Blogging

Why did you start to blog?

I loved reading blogs and had started a blog a few years ago. Unfortunately, this was at a time when I did not have much spare time and it quickly fizzled out. However, the urge to blog never left me. Fast forward to October 2016 and I took the plunge again, this time going self-hosted.

How did you feel when you started blogging?

Nervous! I didn’t have a clue what I was doing but I like to learn new things and I threw myself into everything blogging related. Suddenly the TV could not hold my interest, I would rather be reading up about social media or watching a YouTube video about using HTML.

How do you feel about blogging today?

I absolutely love it. I love that I am constantly learning. I love that I can write about my passions and I love that people come to my blog to read.

What is your proudest achievement related to blogging?

That has to be receiving my first ever payment for a sponsored post. I didn’t specifically start my blog with the intention of making money. I knew it could be a possibility as I had read and heard from many other successful bloggers. I just didn’t think that I would ever get to that postion.

What is the most exciting event you have attended as a blogger?

I have never attended an event. I still don’t feel like a ‘proper’ blogger. I am constantly in awe of the bloggers I see around me.

Do you monetize your blog and, if so, how?

Yes, I started off adding some affiliate links but as I blog about saving money (amongst other topics) find these do not always fit well with my content.

Recently, I have been lucky to receive some sponsored posts.

What do you find most challenging about blogging?

Time. I have a day job and I have two boys (16 and 12) so time is limited. I do make the most of every spare minute I have, which is easy really as I love blogging so much.

What surprised you most about blogging?

The support you receive from other bloggers. I have joined some brilliant Facebook groups and it always surprises me how helpful everyone is.

How do you balance blogging and family life?

I have to be super organised and love making a list and crossing things off! My lists mean that when I do sit down to work on my blog, I know exactly what needs to be done next. For example, my dinner is cooking as I am typing this.

What would lead to you giving up blogging?

Wow, at this moment in time I can’t imagine not blogging. It would have to be something serious to stop me.

What is your top tip for a new or inexperienced blogger?

Keep going. At the beginning you can feel overwhelmed by everything that you need to do. Focus on one area at a time, learn it, master it and then move on to the next area.

Huge thanks to Kerry for sharing her story about the joy of blogging. If you would like to share your story, please do get in touch.

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