Top 5 Health Issues that Affect Women Fertility

Whether you’re planning to get pregnant or not, it’s essential to understand the health issues that can affect your fertility when the time comes. The chances of conceiving in a healthy woman when having regular intercourse every cycle are as low as 20 to 40 percent. If you’ve been trying to get pregnant for a long time without success or want to understand your fertility better, here are health issues to look out for.

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Hormonal imbalances

When your hormones run wild, your fertility is at risk. Therefore, it is essential that you understand the causes. Many diseases, such as adrenal and thyroid disease, contribute to infertility by triggering your body to release large amounts of cortisol (a stress hormone), oestrogen, and testosterone, hence interfering with ovulation. Another disease that prevents regular ovulation is Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD); it leads to an elevated amount of testosterone and insulin in the body.

Uterine fibroids

About a third of women globally are likely to experience uterine fibroids during their lifetime. Although uterine fibroids are growths in your uterus, they are non-cancerous: however, they cause abdominal pain and heavy periods. Often, uterine fibroids may not affect your fertility, but one subtype, submucosal fibroids, are likely to cause infertility or a miscarriage. This subtype grows in the uterus lining and makes it difficult for the embryo to implant.

STDs and uterine infections

Regarding fertility, uterine infections and sexually transmitted diseases are to watch out for, especially Gonorrhea, chlamydia, and urinary tract infection (UTI). Although UTIs are treatable, they can have long-term effects due to their recurrent nature. Also, they are painful with an itch and burning sensation; instead of shying away from treatment, visit your physician for treatment and UTI pain relief.

On the other hand, Gonorrhea is worrying because if not treated early, it can block your fallopian tube, hindering the passage of the ovum. Chlamydia rapidly scars the fallopian tubes and interferes with their ability to pick an egg as they sweep across the ovary.

Being excessively over-or underweight

Weight affects various aspects of your health, such as immunity and fertility. In contrast, you may experience regular menstrual cycles, but your fertility decreases if your BMI is over 35 (obese). Conversely, if you are severely underweight, having a BMI of 20 or less, it is normal for you to regularly miss ovulation, meaning that you have low chances of conceiving. Fortunately, overweight women can boost fertility through weight loss, but for underweight ladies, the damage may be irreparable even with weight gain.


Endometriosis causes infertility and painful periods; the uterus lining grows on the uterine cavity exterior. The growth scars tissues, making it hard for the fallopian tube to pick and propel an ovum to the uterus. Additionally, endometriosis still causes infertility through pelvic inflammation that creates an unconducive environment for implantation.

For many young women, fertility only comes to mind when they want to conceive. It is crucial to take care of your reproductive health as early as possible to avoid heart-breaking realities in the long run. Take healthy drinks, go for regular check-ups, and don’t ignore any warning signs that may risk your health and fertility.


Award-winning writer, blogger, social media consultant and charity campaigner. Social Media Manager for BritMums, the UK's largest parent blogging network Freelance clients include Firefly Communications and Save the Children UK. Works with brands on marketing projects. Examples include Visit Orlando, Give As You Live, Coca-Cola and Kodak. Cambridge Law graduate with many years experience working across three sectors in advice, media relations, events, training and project management. Available for hire at affordable rates.

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